Assisted NC businesses in winning 4,424 contracts minimum value of $17.04 billion
Support Provided by Fayetteville Technical Community College


GENERAL. Energy requirements are mandated for federal agencies. Legislation has required reductions in fossil fuel consumption and increases in renewable energy use and efficiency targets for government fleets and buildings. The National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA) requires federal agencies to report annually on energy management activities. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 amended and addressed additional federal energy management targets.

As the largest energy consumer in the federal government, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) drives total federal energy management goal achievements. The annual National Defense Authorization Act has included provisions related to DOD energy management and authorities. Throughout several administrations, presidents have issued executive orders to establish energy management guidelines and targets for the federal government as well as energy directives for the country at large.

From the start of his presidency, President Biden committed to putting the climate crisis at the center of United States foreign policy and national security planning. This included a plan to move the United States to 100 percent carbon-free electricity by 2035, 50 to 52 percent emissions reductions by 2030, and net-zero emissions by 2050 compared to 2005 levels. In February of 2021, the United States officially re-joined the Paris Agreement, an important international commitment to limit global temperature rise to below two degrees Celsius compared with pre-industrial levels. Biden campaigned on a $2 trillion investment in climate-resilient infrastructure, which included $400 billion in clean energy research and development, over a period of ten years.

As of October 2021, Congress is still negotiating the terms of $4.5 trillion in infrastructure improvement legislation. However, the Biden Administration announced in mid-October a comprehensive, government-wide strategy to disclose, manage, and mitigate systemic risks climate change poses to American families, businesses, and the economy. This will include incorporating climate adaptation and resilience planning into federal investments and financial planning. Biden’s Executive Order on Tackling the Climate Crisis at Home and Abroad called on federal agencies to prioritize climate change in all activities. As the nation’s largest energy consumer, DOD in particular has a key role to play in climate change progress. Investments in research and development will mitigate climate change by reducing fossil fuel use and increasing clean energy sources, and promote adaptation to enhance national security and climate resilience.

In September 2021, DOD released a Climate Adaptation Plan to move forward with the goals of the Executive Order. The agency will incorporate the security implications of climate change into analyses for strategy, planning, and programming, as well as documents like the National Defense Strategy. The Climate Adaptation Plan outlines its five key tenets as: climate-informed decision making; training and equipping a climate-ready force; resiliently built and natural infrastructure; supply chain resilience and innovation, and; enhanced adaptation/resilience through collaboration.

DOD ENERGYThe primary energy goal for DOD is supporting the DOD’s mission: to provide military forces needed to deter war and protect the security of the United States. Energy is critical in all military operations both at installations (installation energy) and operationally (operational energy). Installation energy includes energy needed for powering military installations such as buildings and non-tactical vehicles. Operational energy, on the other hand, is the energy needed for training, moving, and sustaining military forces and weapons and the energy used by tactical power systems. DOD’s operational energy is not subject to federal energy management requirements.

Installation energy represents 77 percent of all federal energy consumption. DOD has 500 installations worldwide, including 30,0000 buildings, which account for 30 percent of the total DOD energy use. DOD spends $4 billion a year to power all its fixed installations. Therefore, it is critical to reduce energy demand through efficiency programs on its installations. Examples include lighting retrofits, high-efficiency heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems, and energy management systems.

Military energy efficiency projects are directed through the Energy Policy Act of 1992, which amended NECPA and authorized two alternative financing methods, including energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs) and utility energy service contracts (UESCs). ESPCs have become a preferred means of making energy efficiency improvements at military bases because, in part, funds do not have to be directly appropriated. Training and guidance for utilizing ESPCs and UESCs is provided through the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP).

DOD bases are currently dependent on a power grid vulnerable from aging infrastructure and weather-related events. Within North Carolina, military bases are extremely vulnerable to hurricanes and other natural disasters and along with the rest of the country, the aging grid will require significant infrastructure upgrades to address the needs of an evolving energy network. Both energy resilience and energy security are and will remain critical priorities for the DOD under the Biden administration.  Military bases across the countryare already using a combination of renewables and energy storage to increase energy security and resilience and these efforts will only increase.

North Carolina has capacity in renewable energy and energy conservation and both represent an important opportunity for businesses to engage in the federal marketplace. The North Carolina Military Business Center (NCMBC) will assist businesses successfully engage in these markets and grow jobs through energy-related federal opportunities.

DOD Climate Change Contact:

Katie White, Program Director-Climate, DoD OSD ODASD(E&ER) at U.S.Department of Defense

The additional pages offer more details on each of the following:





Diane Cherry

NCMBC Key Information

  • NCMBC-assisted firms won 4,410 contracts – minimum value at $17.10 billion – from the NCMBC’s opening in 2005 through June 2022
  • FY2021: Federal agencies awarded $7.3 billion in prime contracts to companies in 97 of 100 North Carolina counties
  • FY2021: Department of Defense awarded $3.8 billion in prime contracts to companies in 82 of 100 North Carolina counties
  • NCMBC’s return on State investment: 32:1







NORTH CAROLINA: YOUR MISSION IS OUR MISSION, Economic Development Partnership of North Carolina

North Carolina Military Business Center
PO Box 1748
Fayetteville, NC 28303

The NC Military Business Center, the NC Community College System, and the State of North Carolina do not officially endorse events. These items are posted strictly for the information and convenience of NCMBC customers.

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